A Bucket List, from my point of view

When you think of a bucket list, you generally gravitate towards places that make one feel awe or some emotional tug. I guess in a sense this little exercise in creating my personal bucket list is much along that line. Some have things like the glaciers in Alaska or the Northern Lights, mine is a little different. No, running with the bulls in not on this list, but cage diving with Great Whites would be there. While a safari in Africa might top the list for some, for me it is down the list quite a bit.

bucket list nemo

Quite a few years back, I wrote another scuba bucket list post. Not sure it has changed much over the last 6 years. But, then again, I have had the opportunity to dive with a whale shark since then. That is the beautiful thing about your own personal bucket list.  It is an ever evolving and changing list. Now while Rome and Greece might be higher on my list than yours, since I had a thing for mythology growing up. I will try and keep this scuba related.

On my bucket list are places such as; Lembeh Strait and the Philippines (might want to watch for the 2021 trips) along with Raja Ampat and the Maldives. All for their little creatures and the bigger animals such as Giant Manta Rays. Places like Guadalupe and Socorro, well refer to the Great White comment, but the other big animals such as Whale Sharks and Mantas are on the list. Chuk Lagoon, if there is a World War 2 expert along for the trip to educate me on all the history. Cuba will forever be on my bucket list as it is a place that I have wanted to visit since I was a wee lad.

bucket list nudi

While all these places on my bucket list offer amazing underwater experiences. They also offer much culturally topside to experience. After all, you can only absorb so much nitrogen, before you need a surface interval.

My New Life after the building

So maybe you heard, that I have a new life. After the sale of the building that I lived in for almost 9 years, it does feel like a new life. Or maybe it is I am just not working 7 days a week. The old building is about to start its new life as a craft brewery. I always thought that a pot shop would have been the ultimate usage. But, the City of Grand Junction thinks otherwise.

new life

Yes, a new life. Teaching classes and taking people diving. Doesn’t sound like a bad plan. I remember standing in the Grand Junction airport one Friday morning about 7 years ago. A young man that was going on our trip with us to St. Lucia came up to me. I will never forget his question. He said to me, “Let me get this right. You get paid to take me on vacation and take me scuba diving?” I replied, “yep, sucks to be me”.

new life

Taking people diving. That is really the whole idea, right? Showing you the underwater world. Teaching you how to be a “critter hunter”.  Showing you how to identify certain habitats to find new and amazing creatures. Exploring, discovering different cultures right next to you.

Watching firewalkers and touring the local school in Fiji. Zip lining in St. Kitts. Watching fireworks in St. Marteen (the Dutch side) on their “Independence Day”. Meeting new people and making lifelong friends on dive boats. Exploring the undersea world.

Teaching you how to be a better diver. How to appreciate and care for Mother Ocean. How to shape your underwater images and yes even to enjoy using “geezer gas”.  Running search patterns and looking for pirate treasure. So many wonderful experiences.

We are still teaching and taking you diving. And looking forward to even more amazing adventures.

Earth Day, Sharks and Coral Reefs. Are they connected?

 Earth Day is fast approaching. Shark populations are dwindling and, in some cases, nearing extinction. There are reports that the Great Barrier reef is losing its ability to recover from another bleaching incident. How are all these events related. Well, read on my friends.

Look at this picture of the plant we call Earth. See anything that strikes you? Like all that blue water? The Ocean covers over 70% of the plant, and yet we call it Earth Day. I won’t go into the history of Earth Day, you can do that for yourself. And yes, taking care of our precious “land plant” with recycling and other wonderful things is awesome. But what about “Mother Ocean”?

earth day

Well, in honor of Earth Day, let us consider the apex predator of the Ocean and what losing sharks means to us all.  Sharks are often the top of the food chain in their eco system. They remove the weak, injured and sick of many different species. Sharks that reach adult hood have few predators. So, think of the Ocean as a huge food chain. Big fish eat smaller fish, and so on. But if we remove the apex predator what happens? Simply put, fewer apex predator mean more lower level carnivores which leaves fewer herbivores which then leaves more macro algae. I am sure as divers you have seen more algae on the reef. That algae is smothering the corals. And with less corals we have other issues coming from the sea.

For Earth day let us try and understand what this means. Studies of remote reefs have revealed ecosystems that are very different from those we know today.  Yes, humans are creating major issues both on land and at sea.

A study of reefs in the Northwestern Hawaii Islands found that apex predators, including sharks, comprise over half of the fish biomass compared to less than 10% on reefs that are fished. On the unaltered reefs the sharks are bigger and populations of all species are far greater. Additionally the unaltered reefs are home to a larger variety of other species than regularly fished reefs.

yes that is a fishing hook in the sharks mouth

The presence of sharks can also protect seagrass beds from over-grazing by dugongs and green sea turtles. These animals prefer to eat in the middle of a sea grass bed where the quality of food is the highest. But it is harder for them to escape a hunting shark from the middle of a large seagrass bed, so they stay on the outside when sharks are present. Seagrass beds are an important habitat for many fish and invertebrate species.

So for Earth day let us expand our thoughts to “Mother Ocean”

How is your scuba fitness?

Scuba Fitness? What exactly does that mean? Well, think about it this way. Seams like these days everyone has a personal trainer. And one of the first things that trainer ask you is what are your “goals”. Then they attempt to design a workout plan to achieve those goals. Well, we can do the same thing with our scuba fitness goals. Afterall the better our fitness the better our diving.

scuba fitness

So how do we design our scuba fitness plan? I think we should break down diving into the core “movements” and muscle groups that we use. Starting with cardio. It is no secret that the better our cardio the better, well everything is better. Our air will last longer. The currents aren’t as tiring. The long walk to the entry point with our gear on is easier. So hit that elliptical trainer and improve your cardio. Why the elliptical? Well you can set the resistance and incline to also work the largest muscle group that we use in diving. The legs are our pistons. The are the driving force within our scuba fitness. They carry us and our gear to the boat or entry point. They propel us under the water and allow us to visit the beautiful landscape that we all love.

What other muscle groups might be better off with a little focus on scuba fitness? Well the arms and shoulders are easy targets to guess. And I will make a small wager that you are probably already targeting those muscle groups in your every day workout routine. But there is one major area that most don’t pay much attention to in any work out. Your lower back and core muscles need some love in your scuba fitness routine.

Think about the stress and strain on your lower back and core. Just climbing up the boat ladder. Walking with all that gear on. Just about everything we do while diving. Now I am not saying that your trainer or your workout programs are wrong or not effective. But just maybe we could add an exercise or two.

 So how is your scuba fitness?

Do you have an accident management plan?

An accident management plan is a vital tool for any home, business or adventure. We all know accidents happen. But do you know where everything is? The nearest medical facility? The first aid kit? But, don’t we just call 911 and let them do everything? Well, I guess we could, but how long will EMS take? So, let’s look at how an accident management plan might look like.

And since we are divers, we will assume we will be dealing with a diving accident. The first two things we want to know is where is the nearest medical facility and is a chamber nearby. A few other items to know and have listed on our little slate is where is the emergency oxygen and first aid kit. Is there other life saving equipment at the dive site, such as a back board? After that I want to make sure I have the emergency number for DAN handy. DAN is the second call after EMS.

If you have taken our Rescue class, then you have a diving accident management slate. The number for DAN and the Coast Guard VHF channel is on this slate. This slate is invaluable in help us manage a dive accident. It also breaks things down into “mild” and “serious” symptoms. Obviously if the symptoms are mild then we would take the diver to the medical facility ourselves instead of calling EMS.

accident management

But if the signs are serious, I would in all likely hood be calling EMS and providing emergency care as needed. Administer emergency oxygen and if necessary, CPR.

A few other things that you should have on your accident management plan would be gathering and recording as much data that you know to be factual. Things like the depth and time of the diver’s last few dives. What signs and symptoms is the diver experiencing and approx. what time they started?

And the last thing you want to make sure you do in case of a diving accident is gather the divers gear. You can rinse it if you have time, but do not disassemble it. Send it along with EMS or take it to the medical facility with the victim.  DAN will want to get the info off the diver’s computer and possibly examine the gear for a potential failure to help determine the cause of the accident.

Hope we never need to put our accident management plan into action, but at least we are prepared.

Scuba Bucket List, what is on yours?

As the adventure that was 2018 melts into 2019, it is a wonderful time to review your scuba bucket list. Places, animals or just experiences. What is on your scuba bucket list? Do you have a bucket list? I actually have 3, but we will just concentrate on my scuba bucket list.
I was fortunate to mark an animal off my list on our spring adventure to Costa Rica by having a whale shark cruise by. Alas the Hammer Head remains on my scuba bucket list along with a yellow head jaw fish that has eggs in his mouth. I would add in cage diving with Great Whites as well.
I have been very lucky to be able to travel the Caribbean and visit all the islands except for Cuba. Even though I have been blessed to have been and seen so many amazing places, there are some special spots and even a few “unique” places to explore still. One is going to be our spring trip for 2020 with a trip to The Villa on the Rock in Honduras. As for other places on my scuba bucket list, the Pacific Ocean is calling as well as the Indian Ocean. I know that leaves some places to your imagination, but I cant give away all my list. And after all the oceans cover over 70% of the planet. You will just have to follow along on our adventures to explore some of them with me.
You might even have a new diver rating on your scuba bucket list. Maybe Master Scuba Diver or even Dive Master. 2019’s adventure just might be the time for you to check your scuba bucket list and check off a few places, animals or classes off that really long list. 

We all have our dream adventures. Things and places we want to see and experience. This year instead of resolutions, why not make a small bucket list. As I said I have a few different list. They relate to things I like to do and by keeping them separate it keeps my list manageable. And unlike resolutions, I won’t be breaking any of them. Just adventuring.

Scuba Cylinders: Myths and some Facts

scuba cylindersScuba Cylinders, the not so sexy, sort of heavy thing that holds our breathing gas and allows us to spend some time in the underwater world. What do most of us know about them? Other than we may recall that during our open water class we heard about some test that are required. And there are different sizes. But the scuba cylinders are somewhat of a mystery outside of that.

The making of scuba cylinders is an interesting process. From how they are formed from a solid piece of aluminum or steel to the final product that you find on your dive boat. They are the heart and soul of any dive adventure, since without them we wouldn’t be underwater very long. And with proper care, they will last a very long time.

Did you know that the amount of air inside an 80 cubic foot tank contains the amount of air that was found in a traditional phone booth? Do you remember phone booths? And that amount of air has approximately 1.3 million-foot pounds of energy. Scuba cylinders a like a bomb on our backs. Ok, maybe more like two hand grenades. And we are taking them into the ocean and they are getting banged around on the boat and at the dock and yes, even when they are getting filled. Amazing that scuba cylinders are so stable and safe.

This is the reason that we have those tests. And every 5 years we have them hydro statically tested. Basically, we try and blow them up. Then they are visually inspected. And every year all the scuba cylinders and visually inspect them. The biggest failure spot in scuba cylinders is in the threads. A small hair line crack that runs through 2 to 3 threads is a major weak spot. They are usually found with magnification or a light electrical current. Any weak spot with that much energy pushing against it, is dangerous. We also, look for pitting and other anomalies.

Can scuba cylinders explode if left in my trunk all day? Well, not really. Charles’ Law will tell us that as the gas warms inside the cylinder in your trunk, that gas will expand. Your cylinder has a burst disc in the valve. Most are rated for 3500 PSI. So, when the pressure of the expanding gas reaches 3500 PSI it will “pop” that safety disc and the air will bleed out. Yes, the noise will scare the senses out of you. But it is not going to go shooting off in your car and bouncing around.

Now for the big myth. I will leave you with the TV Show Myth Busters.

Underwater Images or Making Memories?

Underwater Images, the new fancy term for taking underwater underwater imagesphotos. Are you taking pictures for the sake of taking an underwater image or are you making and recording memories? Both, that is the awesome answer. Because after all they are both, your memories and your underwater images.
We spend so much time and past blog post about how to take and improve our underwater images that I do not want to belabor the point here. Shoot up and into the sun. Get lower than the subject. Blah, blah and more blah. Heck, as the Imaging instructor I as guilty as anybody in trying to get that perfect shot. Swimming harder than I should and yes maybe getting a little deeper than I really needed to be.
And then there is the post dive processing sessions. How was my lighting? Editing and cropping and all the other stuff. For the record I only crop my photos with very little to almost zero correction for color or light. But some spend hours in photo shop and other image altering programs. Matter of fact that is all part of the class for Underwater Imaging. Some instructors (a famous one in Grand Cayman) spend over 85% of the class time on Photoshop and other post dive processing.
But what about the memories? This year I have gotten to dive with whale sharks and a free swimming anemone and so many turtles. Got to watch as a turtle just ate its fill of a sponge. Yes I did take my images, but I also stopped and just watched. Captured the memory, but enjoy the moment also. It is hard to capture the size of a whale shark. But I can tell you that I felt very small as it slowly swam past me. Or the free swimming eel that played with us in Grand Cayman this summer. I swear it was trying to show us something. Those are the memories that go along with the underwater images.

Instructors Creed or Super Power or Both?

instructors creedThe instructors creed something every new instructor sees it, usually right after they pass the instructors exam. We have had many opportunities over the last years to see it play out. And this last weekend as we finished prepping another candidate for the exam I got to listen to a slightly different version of the instructors creed.

Course Director Kelly was talking about “our super power”.  Now, I know you are thinking like some sort of Marvel comic books super hero. But, when you think about we do have a “super power”.



As a scuba instructor, I have the opportunity to see:

  • Fear change to courage
  • Faint-heartedness converted into accomplishment
  • Timidity transformed into confidence

As a scuba instructor, I can:

  • Open hearts and mindsto the hidden beauty of nature’s creation and our obligation to protect it
  • Foster self-esteemin another person
  • Teach thevalue of character and integrity
  • Transformanother human being and change a life for the better and forever

Plus, we get to teach people how to become fish and breathe underwater.  Pretty cool “super power” when you stop and think about it.

The first section of the instructors creed alone is a special moment. Many times we have had a student that starts with a discover scuba session and they think they can’t do it. Too claustrophobic or want ever. Then, they think maybe it isn’t that bad. Next thing they are in a full class. Still struggling a little, but you can see they are determined. Then that darn mask skill comes up.  Somehow, someway they get that silly thing cleared of water. And again and yet they do it again. Still not liking that skill, but accepting it. More practice. Getting easier, but yet still. Then the magic happens. They find a way that works for them. BOOM! But they still don’t like it, but they got it. Now they are now sneaking off to the corner of the pool to practice some more. They don’t want us to see. But we do. We just watch, knowing that confidence is growing in them. The instructors creed is happening all over again.

Yep, maybe just maybe Course Director Kelly is right. We do have a “super power”

Recycling, But my cups decompose

Recycling as you may know is sort of my “pet project”. But did you know that there is more ways that we as consumers can reduce the amount of “trash” that goes into our landfills and oceans and we don’t have to worry about recycling?

recyclingYou see those cups sitting there so pretty in the islands? Did you know that they are made from corn and decompose in the trash? The straws? They are paper. There have been recent articles in the local paper and stories on the KREX TV news about recycling in the last month. And while I applaud the attention that is being given to the recycling effort. There is still so much more that we as consumers can demand and do.

Let’s take a look at my little corn starch drink cup. The famous Solo cup, now you are singing that song. The line goes something like, “… it is cheap and disposable and in 14 years they are decomposable….” Well, the truth is not really. It is more like over 100 years. Whereas, my little decomposable plastic cup will decompose in the landfill in less than 180 days. Actually most decompose in as little as 45 to 60 days.

Now take a look at the bottom of that solo cup. You see that little recycling symbol with the number 6? Those cups are notorious for being difficult to recycle and be toxic. I am fairly sure that my little corn starch cup isn’t toxic in any way.

But regular plastic cups are cheaper that my little decomposable cups right? Well, you can price them out here . The bottom line truth is that they are virtually the same cost. And let us be honest, I bet all of you will pay 5 cents more for your cool or hot drink in my little corn starch cup and not even know it.

I am looking at your City of Grand Junction, Grand Junction Rockies, Colorado Mesa University and all the places that serve the public cool refreshing beverages. It is time to change your purchasing habits and do your part to ease the burden on the recycling system.

So, the next time you are at a Grand Junction Rockies game and enjoying that cold beer. Think about your cup. Will it decompose before winter?